Step 3: Best Practices
Step 3 of the GTO framework is to look for existing programs and best practices that would be worth adopting and that could be used to achieve the goals and objectives identified in Step 2. Once you develop a "short-list" of interventions, you will use Steps 4 and 5 of the GTO framework to narrow down your list.
The IMAPP database presents evidence-based interventions for a broad range of focus areas and may be helpful in your search. In addition, the resources below may help you in understanding what evidence-based interventions are, as well as discover how best practices can be useful in helping your community reach its goals.
The Basics: Evidence-Based Strategies and Interventions
- Evidence-Based Public Health Implementation Toolkit helps state and territorial health agencies implement evidence-based public health strategies, including a seven-step framework, case studies for the framework’s application, and links to evidence-based resources.
- Healthy NC 2020 is N.C. Division of Public Health's improvement plan to address the state's most pressing health priorities. The plan includes objectives in 13 focus areas, such as physical activity, unintended pregnancy, oral health, and social determinants of health.
- Webinar: EBS/EBI Basics provides an overview of evidence-based strategies and interventions, why they are important, and how you can use them in your organization. Objectives include defining evidence-based strategies and describing the N.C. Institute of Medicine Evidence-Based Strategies Taskforce recommendations and how to use them to find evidence-based strategies registries. The latter part of the webinar also shows how IMAPP can be utilized to help you select and implement an EBI.
Databases: Evidence-Based Strategies & Interventions
- The IMAPP Database contains EBIs to help community partnerships improve priority population health conditions (Healthy NC 2020). The tool has ten filters to help users select an EBI that fits well with their needs and resources. In addition, the database contains intervention-specific resources to assist users with the implementation of their selected EBI.
Federal Government Databases
- Community Health Improvement Navigator's Database of Interventions helps you identify interventions that work in four action areas—socioeconomic factors, physical environment, health behaviors, and clinical care. It provides hospitals and other community stakeholders expert-vetted tools and resources for (1) identifying geographic areas of greatest need within communities, (2) establishing effective collaborations, and (3) finding interventions that work for the greatest impact on health and well-being for all.
- The Guide to Community Preventive Services is a free resource to help you choose programs and policies to improve health and prevent disease in your community.
- The Guide to Clinical Preventive Services includes information on screening, counseling, and preventive medicine topics, along with clinical recommendations for each topic.
- SAMSHA’s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP) is a database of mental health and substance abuse interventions. Each intervention's description includes information on the target population, research quality, costs, and replications of the intervention conducted by other researchers.
Other National Databases
- Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews assesses the evidence base for combined results from medical research studies. This database focuses more strongly on clinical than public health.
- Social Work Policy Institute's Evidence-Based Practice: Registries and Databases contains an extensive list of various registries and databases of evidence-based interventions, including content-specific databases for topics like children’s health, violence prevention, and mental health.
- The Try This West Virginia web site is evidence-based, grounded in the socio-ecological model of health promotion. The web site supplies how-to information on practical, affordable ways to make it easier for people in your community to move more and eat healthy food.
- What Works for Health provides communities with information to help select and implement evidence-informed policies, programs, and system changes that will improve the variety of factors we know affect health.
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Databases
- Counter Tobacco provides resources for local, state, and federal organizations to help counteract tobacco product sales and point-of-sale marketing. The site includes resources and tools along with policy recommendations.
- Research4NC centralizes health promotion and disease prevention programs and resources that UNC researchers developed in collaboration with their public health and community partners. The website currently provides easy access to 31 resources that are ready to use to tackle problems such as obesity, diabetes, cancer, heart disease, tobacco and substance use, injury and violence and environmental risks to health.
- UNC Center for Training and Research Translation reviews and disseminates successful, evidence-based, population-level public health interventions. Their website includes a small database of these interventions and strategies.